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湖北省沙洋县2018年中考英语模拟试卷(1)有答案
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湖北省沙洋县2018年初中毕业生学业考试英语模拟试卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)
第一节 听下面5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A 、B 、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。(共5 小题;每小题1 分,满分5 分)
1. Where does the dialogue probably happen?
A. In a shop. B. In a library C. In a museum.
2. What does the woman mean?
A. The English exam was very easy.
B. The English exam was very difficult.
C. The English exam was neither easy nor difficult.
3. What’s the man probably doing on weekend?
A. He’s going hiking.
B. He’s going shopping.
C. He ’s going fishing with his wife.
4. What are they talking about?
A. A theatre show.
B. A basketball match.
C. A famous pop star.
5. What will the weather be like later?
A. It will be cloudy. B. It will be rainy. C. It will be fine.
第二节 听下面5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A 、B 、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。(共15个小题;每小题1 分,满分15 分)
听下面一段材料,回答第6-7小题。
6. Who got there earliest?
A. Jane. B. Mr White. C. Mrs Brown.
7. Which of the following is TRUE?
A. The man is at the head of the queue.
B. The man has a sister.
C. The man wants to jump the queue.
听下面一段材料,回答第8-9小题。
8.When is Rose's birthday party?
A. Next Sunday. B. Next Monday. C. Next Wednesday.
9.What's the present?
A. A toy plane. B.A kite. C. A bird.
听下面一段材料,回答第10-12小题。
10. What are they talking about?
A. Li Ming's trip to London.
B. The weather in London.
C. The food in China.
11. When will Li Ming probably go to London?
A In January. B. In July. C. In October.
12. What can we learn from the dialogue?
A. Li Ming will visit his father in London.
B. Li Ming will go to London by plane.
C. It will be cold in London next month.
听下面一段材料,回答第13-16小题。
13. What did Bolt want to be when he was a small kid?
A. A singer. B. A writer. C. A runner.
14. How old was Bolt when he won the first world champion?
A. 15. B. 16. C. 17.
15.What sport does Bolt like except running?
A . Basketball. B .Volleyball. C. Football.
16. What’s the passage mainly talking about?
A. The life of Usain Bolt. .
B. Usain Bolt is a kind man.
C. Usain Bolt is interested in running.
听下面一段材料,回答第17-20小题。
17. How many people went to the zoo together?
A. Two. B. Four. C. Three.
18. What day is it today?
A. Friday. B. Saturday. C. Sunday.
19.What did the speaker and the friends do when they went to the zoo last time?
A. They gave a bear some food.
B. They gave the monkeys some bananas.
C. They watched the pandas eating.
20. What happened to the bear in the zoo?
A. It was badly hurt. .
B. It was ill.
C. It ate a plastic bag and died.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项。
A
An important question about eating out is who pays for the meal. If a friend of yours asks you to have lunch with him, you may say something like this, “I’m afraid it’ll have to be someplace cheap, as I have very little money.” The other person may say “OK, I’ll meet you at McDonald’s.”
This means that the two agree to go Dutch, that is, each person pays
for himself. He may also say, “Oh, no. I want to take you to lunch at Smith’s," or“I want you to try the Chinese dumplings there. They’re great.” This means the person wants to pay for both of you. If you feel friendly towards this person, you can go with him and you needn’t pay for the meal. You may just say “Thank you. That would be very nice.”
  American customs about who pays for dates are much the same as in other parts of the world. In the old days, American women wanted men to pay for all the meals. But, today, a university girl or a woman in business world will usually pay her way during the day. If a man asks her for a dance outside the working hours, it means “Come, as my guest.” So as you can see, it is a polite thing to make the question clear at the very beginning.
( ) 21. The passage tells us____.
A. how to eat out B. where to eat out
C. what to eat out D. who pays for the meal
( ) 22. “Go Dutch” in this passage means____ .
A.去饭馆 B.就餐 C.订餐 D.各自付款
( ) 23. Sometimes your friend takes you to lunch. It means____.
A. he’s going to lend some money to you
B. he’s going to pay for your meal, too
C. he’ll be angry with you
D. he can’t understand you
B
A Japanese toy maker says that they’ve developed a gadget(小器具)that translates dog barks (吠)into human languages and plan to begin selling the gadgets—under the name of Bowlingual—in the US pet stores and present shops this summer.
People laughed when the Japanese toy maker Takara company made the world’s first dog-human translation machine last year .But about 300,000 of them have been sold since it was on sale in Japan last year. Far bigger sales will be expected once an English language translation machine for dogs comes to America in August .The United States is home to about 67 million dogs, more than six times the number in Japan.
“We know that the Americans love their dogs so much, so we don’t think they’ll mind spending $ 120 on this gadget”, the Takara marketing manager said before the journalists at a meeting in Atlanta. Bowlingual ,one of US Time magazine’s coolest inventions of 2002, has two parts .A microphone is tied to the dog’s collar(项圈)and sends out sound information to the gadget held by the owner .Then the translation is done in the gadget by a database (数据库)with every kind of barks .Those barks show six feelings—happiness, sadness, disappointment, anger, declaration and desire. Each of the feelings is then translated into words like “Let’s play.” “Look at me!” or “Spend more time with me.”
Takara says it has spent millions of dollars developing the gadget .One thing that seems certain is that the markets for animal translation machines will probably be a dog’s world since Takara has no plans to develop such a gadget for cats . “They are too unpredictable (反复无常) ,”the marketing manager said.
( ) 24.The first three paragraphs of the passage mainly tell us that Bowlingual_______ .
A.was invented in Japan B.has developed quickly
C.will be sold in America D.sells well for its price
( ) 25.The underlined word “they” in the last sentence refers to .
A.markets B.dogs C.plans D.cats
( ) 26.When was this passage most probably written?
A.In the winter of 2002. B. In the spring of 2003.
C.In the summer of 2002. D. In the autumn of 2003.
( )27.From the passage, we can see that Takara is ________the sale of its new gadget in the US.
A.proud of B.pleased with C.confident of D.worried about
C
Rob Frenette had problems with bullies(欺辱) at school for eleven years. He was often lonely and scared. When he was fifteen, however, he decided to do something about his problems. He walked into a newspaper office and told them about the bullying. His story went into the newspaper and soon all the TV stations in Canada wanted to talk to him about his experiences. They also wanted to hear his ideas to stop bullying.
After that, Rob continued his studies at school, but in his free time he helped other people with bullying problems. With a friend Katie Neu, he made a website called www. bullyingcanada. ca. Visitors to the website can find advice, stories and poems about bullying, in both English and French. When people are upset, they can talk on the phone or online to Rob and his team. Every weekend Rob has to answer e-mails to the website. He also speaks to children, teachers and members of government around the country about bullying.
Rob’s most important message is: “When bullies are unkind to you, it isn’t your fault. There’s nothing wrong with you, so you should try to keep trusting yourself. And remember that people care about your problems. You just have to find those people.”
One of Rob’s ideas is “Blue Day”, a special day for stopping bullying in schools. Students have to wear blue clothes and in class they learn how to stop bullying. More than 150 Canadian schools now celebrate Blue Day, but Rob won’t stop until there’s a Blue Day in every school in Canada.
( ) 28. How did Rob often feel at school before he was fifteen?
A. Relaxed. B. Unhappy. C. Shocked. D. Tired.
( ) 29. We can learn from this passage that Rob suffered from bullying since he was ______.
A. four. B. seven C. eleven D. fifteen
( ) 30. The underlined part “those people” in Paragraph 3 means _____.
A. people who always bullied others before
B. people who help others with bullying problems
C. people who are members of the government.
D. people who write e-mails about their problems
( ) 31. What was the correct order in which these events happened?
a. Rob and his friend made a website. b. Rob was bullied at school.
c. Rob created “Blue Day”. d. Rob told his story in public.
A. b-d-a-c B. a-b-c-d C. b-a-d-c D. c-b-a-d
D
You need some bread and milk. But half an hour later, you leave the supermarket with a trolley(手推车) full of food. What games do supermarkets play to make us spend so much money?
The tricks usually start before you walk in. Outside the supermarket entrance, anybody who walks past can smell warm, fresh bread. That makes us hungry and ready to buy lots of food, not just bread.
Now you’re inside and, of course, a small basket would be fine, but all they have are trolleys. And of course the problem with a trolley is that it looks sad and lonely with just one or two products inside. So we may fill it with something. In fact, supermarket trolleys are actually getting bigger so that we buy more.
Of course, m
…………………………
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