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山东省淄博市淄川中学2019届高三上学期开学考试英语试卷(有答案)
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淄川中学2019届高三上学期开学考试
英 语 试 题
满分150分,考试时间120分钟 2018.9
第I卷(选择题,共100分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.What class didn’t the man have this morning?
A.English class. B.Math class. C.Chinese class.
2.What does the man mean?
A.They have left for the airport.
B.They are on the way to the airport.
C.They may be late for the plane.
3.What kind of music does the woman like?
A.Popular music. B.Jazz music. C.Classical music.
4.What does the man suggest the woman do?
A.Take some medicine. B.Drink more water. C.Go on a diet.
5.What does the man tell the woman?
A.There is another cat like his. B.He never loses his dog at all.
C.She has mistaken it for his dog.
第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6.How soon will the man finish his book?
A.In several months. B.In a few days. C.In two months.
7.What is the man going to do?
A.He will market his book himself.
B.He will ask his friends to advertise the book.
C.He hasn’t made a decision.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8.Where has Barbara been?
A.Milan. B.Florence. C.Rome.
9.What has Barbara got in her suitcase?
A.Shoes. B.Stones. C.Books.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10.When does the conversation take place?
A.Before the p1ane takes off. B.After the plane takes off.
C.On the way to their flight.
11.What is the man doing while speaking to the woman?
A.He’s watching a film. B.He’s trying to get relaxed.
C.He’s reading something.
12.In which city will the plane have a stop?
A.In New York. B.In Vancouver. C.In Chicago.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13.How long was the bus late?
A.15 minutes. B.30 minutes. C.45 minutes.
14.What did the woman do in the library?
A.She found some information on the computer.
B.She borrowed a book on kings and queens.
C.She searched for some books but got nothing.
15.Where was the man at 11:00 ?
A.At home. B.In a bus. C.In a library.
16.Why did the woman spend more time getting home?
A.She walked all the way home.
B.The bus broke down halfway.
C.She entered a bookshop on the way home.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17.What do we know about guide dogs?
A.They are trained by blind men.
B.All dogs can be trained into guide dogs.
C.Only special dogs can be trained into real guide dogs.
18.How long will training a real guide dog need?
A.Fourteen months. B.Three to five months. C.Four weeks.
19.What is the most important part of the training program?
A.Making the dog obey its owner’s commands.
B.Making the dog disobey any dangerous commands.
C.Making the dog and its owner learn to work together.
20.How many blind people find a guide dog useful?
A.Only a tenth. B.Only ten people. C.Many of them.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;小题2分,满分30分)
A
It’s a long-term question for teachers: how do you get children who hate physical activity to take part in PE lessons? A Northampton primary school believes it has the answer. Designed to make the least active pupils take an interest in their fitness, a program has been introduced at Lings Primary School. And not only have the pupils developed an interest in activities ranging’ from football to ballroom dancing, according to the school, but their school work has also improved significantly.
The students also turn up on time—Lings now has the best attendance record in the county at 98 percent—and results have improved: 86 percent of pupils now achieve the required standard in English and maths tests for 11-year-olds, compared with only 44 percent four years ago.
The turnaround has been achieved by simply making PE fun. Instead of climbing wall-bars and running on the spot, the pupils practice exercises such as moving like animals. One routine involves crawling around the floor like a bear and moving around like gorillas. In another the children try to maintain their balance on the boards made of rubber, all of which stretch their muscles and improve their fitness.
Baroness Campbell, who chairs the Youth Sport Trust, which designed the program, said, “We want to show young people that physical activity is fun and a great way to learn skills which will stay with them for life.”
21. How did Lings Primary School get students interested in physical activities?
A. By making the classes full of fun. B. By improving their school work.
C. By increasing students’ attendance. D.By getting help from some students.
22. What do the pupils practice in PE lessons now?
A. Running on the spot. B. Climbing over wall bars.
C. Moving around like bears. D. Keeping balance on rubber boards.
23. What can be inferred about the program?
A. It is popular among active students.
B. It has benefited most students a lot
C. It was designed by Baroness Campbell.
D. It made all students punctual in class.
B
Although most hitchhikers (搭便车的人) are people, passers-by tend to ignore them because they are cautious about giving rides to strangers. But what will they do if they come across a hitchhiking robot? Will they take it to its destination or will they just leave the helpless machine by the wayside?
That is die answer Canadian professors, David Harris Smith and Frauke Zeller, who study the relationship between humans and technology, are seeking for after they came up with the idea of building a hitchhiking robot.
HitchBOT is built with cheap household items. Thanks to a PC tablet, GPS tracker and camera, hitchBOT not only can send its thoughts and pictures to the general public, but also can answer general questions and keep drivers entertained with small talks. The smart robot is even able to quote interesting facts about the areas it has passed through.
Not surprisingly, many people are doubtful about hitchBOT’s ability. Most people think the cute robot will be damaged by someone. Actually, they are all wrong. The robot hitchhiked all the way from Halifax, Nova Scotia, to Victoria, British Columbia, a distance of 3,700 miles. It was first picked up on July 27th by an elderly couple. It not only reached its destination on August 21st, but also had some amazing adventures along the way. It visited national parks, went fishing, went camping, and even attended a wedding where it experienced its first dance and interrupted the bride’s speech.
In addition to helping it get to its destination, its Canadian fans have gone out to ensure its safety from covering the robot with a plastic cape (披肩) to help keep it dry to ensuring that it stays healthy with motor oil.
24. Why is the hitchhiking robot built?
A. To help passers-by reach their destinations.
B. To find out how people might react to it.
C. To see if it will give rides to strangers.[:]
D. To entertain drivers on their way.
25. The hitchBOT can do all of the following except .
A. talking with the driver B. dancing with people
C. sending its thoughts and pictures D. answering any question raised
26. How long did it take the hitchBOT to reach its destination?
A. Nearly a month. B. Over one month. C. Two months. D. One week.
27. What can we learn about the hitchBOT?
A. It was ignored by an elderly couple.
B. It didn’t meet with any danger along the way.
C. It experienced a long and amazing journey.
D. It will be put into the market quickly.
C
In today’s fiercely competitive business environment, companies need to communicate information concerning a whole range of issues in a clear and precise manner to their customers. This is particularly so in the case of companies do business in areas such as manufacturing, information technology (IT), engineering products and services — companies whose products and services may not be understood by a customer not familiar with its technical aspects.
These communication materials are prepared in a company these days by “technical writers” — people who can effectively communicate to an intended audience.
Technical writing and riling text-books are poles apart. The former it aimed at those who do not have an in-depth knowledge about a product and therefore should be direct and easy to understand. Too many technical terms would only add to the confusion of the customer. Technical writers first need to understand the technical information themselves before trying to communicate it in easier language to the customers. Even graduates of English literature are often found wanting when it comes to creative and effective writing.
This simply means that those with a Bachelor’s degree in English Literature along with a diploma/degree in Journalism and having a Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications (PGDCA) are ideal (理想的) candidates for being employed as technical writers.
A career in technical writing is seen as a good choice for women mainly because it is widely held that women are more gifted in creative writing than men and the job does not involve too much travelling or working at night.
28. What are “technical writers” supposed to do?
A. To write about the company’s products or services in clear, easy language.
B. To write about the company’s products using correct technical terms.
C. To effectively communicate to an intended audience by writing letters.
D. To travel around to persuade people to buy the company’s products or services.
29. Which of the following best explains the underlined word “wanting” in Paragraph 3?
A. being needed. B. wanting to write.
C. hoping to be employed. D. lacking in ability.
30. What would happen if many technical terms
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