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广东省中山一中、仲元中学等七校2019届高三第一次(8月)联考英语试题word版有答案
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2019届高三第一次联考英语试卷
考试用时:120分钟 满分:120分
命题学校:普宁二中 命题人: 审题人:
第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
It’s almost camp season!
Summer is wonderful. Summer at one of the following awesome camps? Even more wonderful.
Tahosa High Adventure Base
Location: Ward, Colorado
People puzzle: Tahosa’s ropes courses are some of the nation’s best. Use your hands, feet and brains to take up high-flying challenges and overcome your fears. Fly fishing at 9,000 feet? Yes. Fishing licenses or experience needed? No, sir!
Choose your adventure: Go all-inclusive, where the staff prepares meals and runs the program, or take control and plan your perfect week. The choice is yours.
Camp Raymond
Location: Parks, Arizona
Don’t look down: When looking up at the stars, light pollution is your enemy. But Camp Raymond’s location and elevation (海拔) of 6,700 feet offer perfect conditions for seeing otherwise invisible stars.
That’s cool: Don’t forget your camera and a jacket. During the day, you could spot bears and deer. At night, temperatures can fall sharply. Hot cocoa at summer camp? Cool.
Pamlico Sea Base
Location: Blounts Creek, North Carolina.
Go coastal: Explore the Carolina coast by boat. You choose the route, and Pamlico provides the equipment. Keep an eye out for wild horses, lighthouses and boatloads of fish.
Set sail: Even if you don’t know the difference between starboard and star-lord, Pamlico’s sailing journey will make you a first-rate sailor in no time. You’ll even practice finding your way using the stars.
Base Camp
Location: St. Paul, Minnesota
Big upgrade: What happens when you change a 1907 cavalry drill hall (骑兵训练场) into an adventure destination in the heart of the city? You get Base Camp for overnight lock-ins, weekend retreats (隐居处) and summer camp.
Inside out: Most of Base Camp is indoors, meaning the activities like climbing walls can be undertaken on winter’s coldest days.
1. What do we know about Tahosa High Adventure Base?
A. It requires fishing licenses B. It offers lessons on flying a plane
C. It’s a camp that is intended for brave kids D. It is a camp where you can set your own pace
2. What can be learned in Pamlico Sea Base?
A. How to tell starboard from star-lord B How to choose camping equipment
C. How to use the stars for directions D. How to make a boat on your own
3 In which camp can kids climb walls inside on winter days?
A. Base Camp B. Camp Raymond
C. Pamlico Sea Base D. Tahosa High Adventure Base.
B
“You’ll be blind by the time you’re twenty-five,” a doctor at Children’s Hospital predicted. “Your blood sugars are much too high.” It consumed me. No matter where I was or what I was doing, it was overhead like a dark cloud, waiting for just the right opportunity to break open and destroy my world.
I liked painting. Losing myself in painting filled me with peace. Painting provided me with the only place where I could escape from those threatening words.
When I was twenty-one, my right eye went blind. Precisely three months after my twenty-fifth birthday, I had a massive hemorrhage (大出血) in my left eye because of an accident. For the next twenty years, vision came and went. I went through many eye operations in an attempt to keep my vision. But after one final operation, I lost the battle and all remaining vision. And I buried all dreams of painting.
Desperate, I enrolled in (注册) a sixteen-week program for the blind and visually impaired (损伤的). I learned personal adjustment and the use of a computer with adaptive software. A whole new world opened up to me through this program.
“Jaws and Window-Eyes are leading software for the blind,” my instructor told me. “You can use the Internet, e-mail and Microsoft with all its tools and features.” It’s amazing! Hope went up for the first time in years. “By learning how to use hot keys to control the mouse, you can use Microsoft Access, Excel and Powerpoint,” my instructor added.
For the next several years, I learned that when one door closes, another door opens. There are plenty of choices available for the blind and visually impaired through the gift of technology. Not only do I have a speaking computer, but I have a speaking watch, alarm clock and calculator.
What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 1 refer to?
A. The right opportunity. B. Losing my sight in the future.
C. Consuming too much sugar D. The children’s hospital.
5. What happened when the author was 25 years old?
A. He gave up painting. B. He went blind completely
C. He injured one of his eyes. D. He picked up a new hobby
6. What brought a turning point to the author?
A. A special course. B. A meaningful event
C. An inspiring speech. D. An important interview.
7. What does the author intend to tell us?
A. No pain, no gain. B. Every man has his price.
C. Nothing is impossible to a willing heart. D. Be optimistic in the face of life’s difficulties.
C
These days, I walk down the steps leading toward the south end of the All England Club in Wimbledon, and still look for the Crow’s Nest, a small green observation tower with an outer ladder that I used to climb on for a wide view of the grounds, but which has since been knocked down.
The Crow’s Nest was a particularly useful point, because it allowed a tennis writer to keep track
of the action on as many as 10 outside courts at a time. At days end, reporters from different nations would share notes on what they had observed all over the grounds.
Twenty-seven years later, the press room has touch screens that allow us to watch live videos from any court, and even go back to watch key moments in key matches long after they have finished. You could cover Wimbledon without leaving your seat. But that is a bit like spending all your time ordering room service and looking up fun facts on Wikipedia.
More than at any other tennis tournament, there is also an appetite for stories that deal with the setting, the history and the traditions.
If they change the price of the fish tacos (鱼肉卷饼) at the United States Open, it’s not a story. If they change the price of the strawberries and cream, the signature treat at Wimbledon. It’s time to email your editor using capital letters.
The new retractable (可伸缩的) roof was put in place in 2009. Until then, you always had to have a rainy-day story in your notebook because there were no guarantees any matches would be played. Now tennis is a sure thing on Centre Court, which has made tennis reporters a bit less creative. But at least it guarantees us daily access to the most atmospheric place in the sport.
So much has changed, but Centre Court remains true to its original spirit: more a theater than a stadium. Catching that feeling is part of covering Wimbledon, too.
8. What did the author do on the Crow’s Nest in the past?
A. He made friends with reporters. B. He reported on tennis matches.
C. He appreciated the beautiful scenery. D. He exchanged experiences with tennis players.
9. What does the author think of the new way of covering Wimbledon?
A. It lacks fun. B. It is expensive
C. It is not convenient. D. It is not quick enough
10. Why does the author mention strawberries and cream?
A. To compare popular foods.
B. To introduce the typical treat at Wimbledon.
C. To describe people’s craze for traditional dishes.
D. To show the traditions of Wimbledon are an attraction.
11. What difference does the new roof make?
A. Audiences have easier access to a tennis court.
B. There’s less fun in watching Wimbledon indoors.
C. Reporters are struggling to find original material.
D. rainy-day stories about Wimbledon have become history.
D
On January 13, 2016, France became the first country in the world to pass a law requiring supermarkets to donate food that is approaching its expiration date (保质期) instead of throwing it away. The regulation that applies to supermarkets over 4,000 square feet requires stores to sign official donation agreements with local food banks.
The law also makes it illegal for stores to pour water over nearly-expired food, or store it inside locked warehouses until it is picked up by the garbage trucks. These measures are often undertaken by supermarkets to prevent the hungry from searching for food through the dustbins.
Though that may appear cruel, the stores claim they do it to avoid potential food poisoning that could occur if the product is on its way past its expiry. Those who do not obey the new law face the risk of heavy fines.
Also, excess goods like yogurt or milk that are likely to go bad quickly are now allowed to be donated directly to the food banks. Though this has always been possible, the current process is long and complex, making it difficult for producers to give away the food in a timely manner.
France’s food banks are of course thrilled about the possibility of receiving extra food. Jacques Bailet, who heads a network of French food banks called the Banques Alimentaires, says that of the 110,000 tons of goods received annually, only 36,000 tons comes from supermarkets. Bailet estimates (估计) that just a 15% increase in supermarket donations would translate to over 10 million additional meals to feed the hungry each year.
Though this is a great first step, Arash Dermabarsh, the activist responsible for the grassroots movement that led to the ban, is not done. He now wants to extend the law to other places like restaurants and also try to convince other countries in the European Union to pass similar regulations. These steps are necessary because of the over 9 million tons of food wasted in France; an astonishing 67% is thrown away by consumers, with supermarkets and restaurants making up the rest.
12. What should stores do
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